Individualized Education Programs (IEPs)

Every Frederick County public school has an Individualized Education Program team that ­determines a student’s eligibility for special education and related ­services. Each team develops IEPs for eligible students, determines services required to implement the plans and makes recommendations for the students’ programs and ­placements. Parents are invited and encouraged to participate in IEP team meetings. A ­separate county-level IEP team reviews cases that are referred by local schools whose existing staff and resources ­cannot meet ­students’ needs.

What is a specially designed program?  "Specially Designed Instruction" is the adaptation of content, methodology, or delivery of instruction to address the unique needs of a student with a disability to ensure access to the general curriculum, so the student can meet the content standards that apply to all students.

What is an IEP?  The IEP is a written description of the special education and related services needed by the student. Considering the student's educational strengths and needs, the program outlines accommodations and modifications to enable the student to participate in an educational program, specific goals and objectives to enable the student to be successful in school, and services required by the student to meet the goals and objectives of the IEP.

What is IEP meeting?  An "IEP Team Meeting" is a prearranged meeting when school staff members, a parent, and others who have knowledge or special expertise regarding the child come together at the same time and place to discuss matters related to the identification, evaluation, educational placement, and the provision of a Free, Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) for a student with a disability. The meeting may be called at the discretion of either the parent or school. If the school schedules the IEP Team Meeting, parents are entitled to a ten-calendar day notice prior to the meeting. Every effort should be made to set up a time mutually agreeable to both the parent(s) and the school.

Who participates?

  • The parent(s) of the student
  • Principal, or principal's designee, who serves as chairperson
  • At least one general education teacher of the student, if the student is, or may be, participating in general education environment
  • At least one special education teacher – someone with knowledge of teaching students with a suspected or identified disability and knowledge of teaching students of the relevant age
  • An individual who can interpret the instructional implications of assessment results, if applicable
  • Other individuals, at the discretion of the parent or FCPS, who have knowledge of the student, or special expertise regarding the student, including related service personnel (i.e. speech/language pathologist, occupational therapist or physical therapist). The determination of knowledge or special expertise of any individual will be made by the party who invited the individual to be member of the IEP Team.
  • Student, as appropriate

Video Introduction to the Individualized Education Program (IEP) in FCPS